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Category Definitions

Category Definitions

Dying: the physical, behavioral, cognitive, and emotional experience of living with life threatening/life limiting illness, caring for the terminally ill, the dying process, and the experience of death.

End-of-Life Decision-Making: The medical, legal, ethical and interpersonal choices, decisions and behaviors of individuals, families and professionals as life nears its end that are often associated with a terminal illness.

Loss, Grief and Mourning (Death-related): The physical, behavioral, cognitive, and emotional experience of and reactions to loss, the grief process, as well as rituals and practices surrounding grief.

Assessment and Intervention: Information gathered, decisions made and actions taken by professional caregivers to determine and/or provide for the needs of persons who are dying, their loved ones and bereaved individuals.

Traumatic Death: A death that occurs in a manner that is unanticipated, shocking or violent; may be inflicted, self-inflicted or unintentional.

Death Education: Formal and informal methods for acquiring and disseminating knowledge about dying, death and bereavement.

Non-death-related Loss: Grieving is a natural, adaptive process and reaction to all kinds of losses, not just death.  In a lifetime, individuals grieve non-death losses which may include, loss of one's health and abilities through aging, illness or disability, loss of a relationship or marriage through separation or divorce, loss of identity and social role through infertility, unemployment, immigration/migration retrenchment or retirement, loss of freedoms through incarceration, loss of community through natural and man-made disasters, etc.